The harmful effects of smoking health and social care essay

There are many bad effects of smoking related to health, social and mental level that may harm the life span of a person in wonderful detail. For smoking persons develop the tobacco tree whose leave which are usually smoked or chewed and sniffed for many different effects. Smoking which involves tobacco which in turn contains a particular chemical referred to as nicotine. Nicotine is extremely addictive chemical substance, and a smoking cigarettes person can become a slave of nicotine for long time if he/she is not cautious a first time. Tobacco other than nicotine contains nineteen diverse cancer causing chemicals, and along these chemical substance are called tar. People smoke for different causes such as they want to create a sense of being well, to boost their mood, and improve short term concentration and recollection. Until recently cigarette smoking was consider good thing, and there were many advertisements for smoking cigarettes in newspaper, television set, and other media.

Smoking is major health and wellbeing risk, but nonetheless people give different reasons for smoking almost all of these justifications are not very reasonable. Smoking is mainly starts at young time because teenagers feel that if indeed they start smoking they will be regarded as mature, but of study course they are wrong and causing serious wellbeing risk for themselves. Smoking by many is method to relax, nonetheless it comes with greater well being risk for damaging the mind. Smoking is quite bad habit thus it must be quitted by persons, smoker don’t associated risk their lives but lives of additional which inhale the smoke cigarettes (Greaves, 2002).

Smoking effects change from a person to another person depending upon exposure to chemical substances of the cigarette. Cigarette smoking is not only public health issue, but also it has great financial cost on the countries. Until we stop smoking, more persons will be addicted, more people will get sick, more households will end up being devastated by lack of family members, bring great harm to medical system of the nations. Injury of smoking on body system of a person is enormous, and smoking ought to be ban from all public places. Smoking may easily make a body weak, and result in a slow and steady loss of life. There many facts linked to smoking cigarettes and deaths, for situations in United States there have been about 443,000 deaths by smoking, which is approximately one in five death every year. Additionally it is believed that all year extra deaths happen because of smoking compared to incorporate the deaths by Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV), alcoholic beverages, suicides, unlawful drugs, murder and car or truck injuries. Because of smoking ninety percent of all lung cancer in males is induced, and eighty percent of all lung cancer tumor deaths in women. It is also estimated that deaths ninety percent of most deaths by long-term obstructive lung illnesses are caused by smoking.

Human body is very vulnerable to harmful effects of smoking, and it could harm our heart and soul, lungs, blood vessels circulation, bones, stomach, mouth, eyes, pores and skin, reproduction and fertility. Smoking effect on center and lung in incredibly serious manner, in the event of heart nicotine raises blood circulation pressure and blood gets clot quickly. Carbon monoxide raids the blood vessels of oxygen and triggers production of cholesterol deposits in artery walls. In case of lungs smoking causes long-term obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) which is group of disease which includes asthmatic bronchitis and emphysema. Chronic obstructive pulmonary conditions (COPD) are popular as silent killer disorders. The majority of smokers don’t know they are affected by it until it is too late to save them. There is absolutely no cure for such type of diseases and nearly fifteen percent of smokers develop chronic obstructive pulmonary diseases (COPD). Injury to blood circulation start out at by smoking cigarettes, and veins and arteries receive hard, narrow, and also get coated by fat deposits. This can then result in problems such as cold skin area, ulcer, cramps, pain and blockages in veins which can cause a stroke and heart attack. Smoking makes bones poor and breakable, and females have to be careful because they are more likely to suffer by osteoporosis than non-smokers. Smoking can harm stomach, eyes and epidermis. Stomach damages make a difference vital organs in the body, and increase the potential for stomach cancers. There are even more danger for eyes such as for example eye diseases linked to Graves’ ophthalmopathy, glaucoma and cataract. Worst thing that can be done by smoking cigarettes is causing a long term blindness. Smoking lessens the quantity of oxygen for your skin. This can imply that skin start to age quicker and making you appear to be dull and grey. Smoking influence on reproduction and fertility are very considerable. Smoking can increase risk of feebleness, and may damage sperm by lowering sperm count and casing testicular tumor (Team, 2009).

Everybody knows the harm of smoking but nobody cares to avoid it, this attitude towards smoking should be changed. Smoking is definitely vilest habit around 1.2 billion which are dependent on smoking. It has no benefit for smoker and the culture. Smoking impact on society is beyond health insurance and illness. Smoking frequently impacts the money of smoker particularly when persons have limited resources. For instance in England economically poor households spend about 2.5 percent of salary on smoking per week. It really is believed that economic burden of cigarette smoking exceeds one percent of European GDP. Society must pay the price of cigarette smoking by morbidity and mortality. Direct cost of smoking is related to healthcare and indirect cost relates to the loss of human capital due to premature deaths, productivity losses, and unpaid taxes. Currently estimate the full total smoking attribute cost of two leading groups of smoking related illnesses in COPD and CORONARY DISEASE (CVD), amount between 105.83 to 130.31 billion euros. In Australia cigarette smoking net social cost is definitely between 2.1 to 3.4 percent of their GDP (Kaiser S, 2009 ).

Smoking effect on children and teens are intense. Smoking passively can impair child’s capability at mathematics and studying by leading researchers claims. Study of smoking cigarettes environment is vital, and one particular study shows that if people at home smoke regularly afterward children get low marks in test. In journal of Environmental Wellness Perspectives measure that exposer to smoking at home contributes to cotinine in children. Cotinine is common in children by second-hand smoke cigarettes. Exposer of smoking in the home to children is essential issue which authorities must resolve to keep carefully the children’s safe (Culture Guardian, 2005 ). Teenager starts off to smoke at extremely young age hence cause the buildup foundation of diseases within their bodies. Teenage most importantly think smoking as fashionable thing and get involved in smoking. Kids and teenager are building blocks of our society if they are in protected climate then contemporary society are in safe environment. Implication of life is lost because of smoking, and as effect average person’s loses 10 to 15 minute of exquisite life whenever smoking cigarettes. Smoking is greatest preventable cause of unwanted deaths around the globe. Smoking cause a lot more than 25 diseases and the majority of them are existence intimidating, and strappingly suspected to relate with smoking. Average smoking reduces the total life span to 6.8 years, hefty smoking reduces the full total life expectancy to 8.8 years. Furthermre smoking reduced the amount of disease free existence by 5.8 years. Give up smoking at age group of forty and increase your life expectancy to 4.6 years(Baijal, 2010).

Over the years cigarette smoking has verified harm for our culture and one particular harm is at psychological level. Smoking appears to take control of our brain and make us perform illogical issues. Some strong smoking persons are increasing becoming risk for their households and a burden on the culture. Virtually all smokers being during young age, and this leads to risk bringing or rebellion later within their lives. Presence of huge status model and peer also leads to encouragement of smoking. Smokers say they smoke to relieve the sensation of stress but in truth they have bigger stress level than non-smokers. Psychologist Hans Eysenck has developed a personality account of smokers, and Extraversion is certainly trait in smoker where they tend to come to be impulsive, sociable and enjoyment seeking individuals (Eysenck, 1965). Psychologists also assume that personality and social factors are great factors behind smoking. Now it is responsibility of government around the world to take action against smoking cigarettes and ban it from public places. Governments all over the world should provide quitting therapies of smoking in various society so we are able to get rid of the diseases from our society.

In conclusion smoking is not only bad for you but all of the people around you. Individuals who smoke have increased their potential for getting heart ailments and lung cancer. Smoking is bad dependency and as soon we are able to get rid of smoking it’s better for people around us. We ought to reduce the number of individuals who smoke in our society because it destroys our society from its core. It is absolute necessity to fully figure out the harms of smoking and stop it from taking lives of virtuous peoples. The smoking should be quitted by smoker in order to avoid financial losses the hazardous effects of health. Smoking strongly contributes to sterility hence both male and woman should discourage it. We know nearly every disease which is linked to smoking and creating the deaths thus it’s time to say no to hazardous ramifications of smoking.

Analysis On Singapore Airlines Limited Marketing Essay

Analysis On Singapore Airlines Limited Marketing Essay

This report will give a synopsis of the brief record and development of Singapore Airlines Small (SIA) through the entire years. It will also cover the fleets, the organization management of the business, the destinations included in SIA, the branding and the products and services of SIA.

I will be using SWOT examination in identifying the Strength of SIA, the Weakness of SIA, the Prospects of SIA, and their Threats. Through the evaluation, I could understand more comprehensive of the advancement of SIA over time.


Brief history

In 1947 Singapore Airlines (SIA) began as Malayan Airlines in a joint venture between the Malaysian and Singapore governments. It serves generally the South East Asian area. at the year 1965, Malaysia and Singapore was separated. Thus, the two governments agreed to setup two several airlines. Singapore Airlines was formed on the year 1972.

The Singapore Airlines fleet continuing to rise, in glorious and remarkable methods. It had the 1st A300 Superbus, the B757, the B747-300 Big Leading, and the A310-200. Singapore airlines were the 1st airline on earth to manage a global commercial flight over the Pacific Ocean with the 747-400 Megatop. USA, Canada and European towns became the 1st few countries to end up being served by the Singapore Airlines.


In yr 1990s, Singapore Airlines improved their in-trip entertainment and communication through KrisFone , that was the primary global sky telephone provider.

In 1998, the company was first to involve in world-well known chefs, the International Culinary Panel, in bettering in-flight meals.

In 2004, Airbus A340-500 was utilized by SIA for non-stop trans-Pacific flights from Singapore to LA and Newark (New York). It had been the first non-stop air products and services between Singapore and america of America. With a flying time around 18 hours each way from Singapore to Newark, it became the record for the longest scheduled professional flight. It attracted large media hype and maintained the assurance of innovation brand alive.

Over a period of even more 50 years, SIA features earned an outstanding status as a ground-breaking marketplace leader, having excellent providers catered to all or any customers.

SIA has a route network extending to 35 countries with 63 destinations, serving the center East, the THE WEST Pacific Asia, Europe, North America, and Africa.

SIA has always been first to have deliverance of new fleets like Boeing 747 jumbo jets, Boeing 777. In the entire year 2006, they became the 1st airline to fly the Airbus jumbo A-380 which caught the media attentions.

The care and interest that Singapore Airlines provides its buyers, symbolised by the Singapore Gal, offers helped the airline to assert many award, incorporating Conde Nast Traveller’s “Ideal Global Airline” award for a consecutive of 21 years, Travelling and Leisure’s “Best International Airline” award for 14 consecutive years, and Wall Road Journal Asia’s “Most Admired Singapore Company” for 17 consecutive years.

Comprehensive look of SIA


SIA has one of many youngest fleets of any significant airline, with an average age of merely over 6 years. The following fleets that will be introduced are the respected fleets in SIA.

3.1.1 Boeing 747

The Boeing 747 is normally a broad body commercial airliner, known as the nickname Jumbo Jet or Queen of the Skies. It the 1st wide body ever before produced and also, amidst the world’s virtually all recognizable aircraft. The 747’s upper deck was created by Boeing, to provide as a first class lounge or additional seating. By removing the seats and installing a front side cargo door, it permits the aircraft to end up being easily changed into a cargo carrier.

3.1.2 Boeing 777

Boeing 777 is a long range, wide-body twin-engine plane airliner produced by Boeing Business Airplanes. It is the world’s biggest twinjet and also referred to as the Triple Seven Airplane. The aircraft may take up to 300 travellers and fly up to 9380 nautical kilometers. It has laptop mediated control and is also the first totally computer-designed commercial aircraft.

3.1.3 A380

The Airbus A380 is a double-deck, wide-body, four-engine airliner manufactured by the European corporation Airbus. In year 2000, SIA ordered a total of 25 airbuses. On 25 October 2007, the first commercial A380 service, flight quantity SQ A380 impromptu speech examples, flew 455 passengers from Singapore to Sydney, where it received interest from the media.

The A380 caters daily flights to Sydney, Tokyo, Paris, Hong Kong, Melbourne, Zurich and twice daily flights to London. A380 provides better service and comfort compared to various other fleets. It has relaxation and mini bar area for the business. Special suites are available for passengers that are prepared to pay for better comfort and high class. As well, it has more private space. Additionally, there are 12 distinctive suites in each airbus. Each cabin has got sliding doors and window treatments. A bed is roofed in every cabin for better comfort of sleeping.

Corporate Management

The airline is certainly a subsidiary of Singapore government expenditure and holding firm Temasek Holdings. The Singapore Airlines Group made up of 25 subsidiary companies, 32 associated companies, and two joint venture companies. Singapore Airlines has got diversified into related sectors and sectors, including aviation engineering, surface handling, aircraft leasing, weather catering, and tour operations. It has additionally restructured itself by producing operational units as fully-owned subsidiaries to keep its core business as a passenger airline. As a way to expand the Singapore foundation, SIA has committed to additional airlines. They entered the low-cost carrier marketplace by establishing Tiger Airways with a 49% stake, in partnership with other investors.


3.3.1 Singapore Girls

The branding of SIA can be found among the men and women air stewardess. They are usually referred to as Singapore Girls. SIA hired French haute-couture artist Pierre Balmain at the release of the airline in 1972. He created a unique and different variation of the Malay sarong kebaya, which later became one of the well known signatures of the airline.

The approach of the Singapore Girls turned out to be an extremely brilliant idea and has become a very success and very well know brand icon. The Singapore Female bears an almost mythical status and aura around her. The Singapore Lady captured the Asian ethics and hospitality, and could be described as delicate, affectionate, graceful and calm. It is a amazing characterization of SIA’s dedication to service and top quality excellence.


Singapore Airlines have obtained numerous awards for the amount of services

In-flight services

First Class

The chairs on the high grade are about 35 inches wide. It is made from fine-grained household leather with Mahogany real wood trimming. It really is typically wider than any other HIGH GRADE seats. It offers luxury of the upmost buy. The exclusive design and style allows users to stretch out and rest in virtually any positions. As a relaxing touch, the mood lighting in the cabin is specially designed to increase the surroundings. It also offers the largest and most flexible bed in the sky. Enjoy the flexibility of sleeping in virtually any pose on a dedicated sleeping surface area, with crisp linen, tender pillows and plush bedding. An individual 23 inch LCD screen with 1280 x 768 pixels, the best resolution of most, allows users to take pleasure from clearer images. As well as surround sound and noise-cancelling headphone apparatus, everything adds up to a special cinematic experience

Business Class

The special 1-2-1 new Business Class cabin structure offers a lot more privacy and better usage of the aisles. The new Business Class bed allows users to do the job and unwind in a roomy environment. For extra convenience it includes a dedicated sleeping surface area for extra

comfort, it is designed to accommodate almost any sleeping positions. Built-in business office software allows users to produce spreadsheets and presentations, without the usage of a notebook. The new Business Class Seat gives better control panel which allows the seat to become transform into a lie-smooth seat or a resting location. The seat also contains a six-way versatile headrest and lumbar support.

Economy Class

The Economy Class seat offers more areas for knees and also to maximise individual space. It features a headrest that can be accustomed as preferred for better support. For the very first time, an individual reading light is made in front of each seat, creating a cosier ambiance for everybody. The personal console positioned in front of the users includes a coat hook, mirror, spectacle compartment, and the in-flight earpiece. Users are able to get pleasure from the latest movies, TV programmes, music and 3D games on a 10.6 inch personal display screen with the highest image resolution in the sky, providing users the sharpest pics and the clearest sound

In-flight Entertainment

Krisworld was launched in 1997 as the Singapore Airline’s in-flight entertainment program. It identifies services provided on board of SIA planes during a journey. The services in some instances may be cost-free and in other circumstances provided by Singapore Airlines.

It permits the passengers to take pleasure from the latest songs, soundtracks and reports. Duty-free shopping are available on all SIA flights. Singapore Airlines offers 10 various kinds of game titles on flights. In flight entertainment Singapore Airlines can be incorporated as a way to improve quality of life on board and also meeting the necessities of the passengers during the flight as far as possible. Power ports on board Singapore Airlines can be found. In addition, a variety of foods are served on board accompanied by a wide selection of carbonated drinks, wines and appetizers.

SWOT Analysis


-The effective branding of SIA

– Strong experience of SIA

– The photo and reputation of SIA

– SIA will always be the first to ingest new fleets


-The prices of SIA

-The new technologies


-Partnerships of SIA

-Manufacturers of SIA


-Competitors of SIA

-International economy


The brilliant strategy used by SIA for his or her branding was very good. It had been the key of building the passengers trust. The strategy had confirmed their wonderful program and top quality of SIA. Simultaneously, the initial impression that comes to the passengers mind with regards to SIA would be the Singapore Ladies with their Malay sarong kebaya. The branding was already well known in their mind which gives a very good impression of SIA.

On leading of their branding, SIA offers strong experience of a lot more than fifty years from the beginning of the Malaysia Singapore Airlines. Experience can be strength of SIA, since it was widely known in its companies. They have good encounter management and managers as well as service crews. Through solid experience, they can develop new ideas to satisfy their passengers and give customers the very best services to them.

SIA have received numerous awards for their services. The impression and reputation of SIA have demonstrated high impact on persons around the world and not just Singapore. Their offerings towards passengers motivated them to fly with SIA once again.

SIA will always be the first to take in new fleets making passengers having the desire of flying on the new airplanes. SIA was the very first to fly the airbus A380 which trapped the media interest. Through the A380 and the 12 suites available, even more passenger flew with SIA. This builds even better reputation for SIA.


The prices of SIA tickets had been too expensive and not many could spend the money for high price if indeed they were to travel as a family. Most passengers would prefer to pay for a cheaper price rather than fly with SIA despite of the lower standard of service due to saving cost. Unless travellers are travelling by itself or travelling to longer destinations, they are willing to pay more money for better comfort and ease and services.

Whenever there is fresh technology, SIA need to spend high expense in training their staff and purchasing the devices. This will restrict them from giving out more offers at a cheaper cost. With this, they will not manage to attract passengers and only regular passengers with continue to fly with them.

4.3 Opportunities

SIA makes many partnerships with various other airlines, world top hotels, cruises, telecommunications, car rentals and credit card issuers. This helps by booking all of the necessities with SIA for the trip and it helps to save lots of troubles for passengers. Concurrently, these companies are certain to get regular buyers. SIA will even now earn gains and giving quality offerings to its passengers.

SIA has two important leading commercial aircraft manufacturers known as namely Airbus and Boeing. They are powerful suppliers to SIA. Passengers of SIA will be satisfied with the flights because SIA features priority in getting high-quality and high technology to launch first compared to other airlines. This will help SIA to make more earnings and gaining higher status benzene mass.

4.4 Threats

The top rivals of SIA will be Cathay Pacific Airways Limited, Japan Airlines Company, and Malaysian Airline System Berhad. Their promotions reduce the growth of SIA marketplace share. This will bring down the standing and the morale of individuals in SIA.

When the international overall economy is not stable, it will affect SIA. Whenever there is war, disaster or protest going on in a country, the overall economy falls. The prices of the flights will not be fixed and passengers will not be satisfied. When this happened, organization will reflect badly and they will need to bear any loss.

5. Conclusion

SIA is definitely a reputable airline on the globe. It is known as the best service agency through the features of appointment every customer’s necessities. The solid advancement of services, training and development of staff members, general market trends, organization strategy, excellent top quality maintenance, consistent competitors’ general market trends are the key factors that results in the accomplishment of Singapore Airlines Administration.SIA always develops innovative ways of improve their services to be able to avoid market competitions by giving the best quality services to the clients than their competitors. SIA has got strong management with ground breaking ideas and strategies. SIA will keep up the regularity in its quality of support by going though all of the complaints given by the customers. Feedbacks of consumers are likewise discussed among administration and during meetings and discussions. To meet up the changing demands and requirements of the customers, SIA develops dynamic technique to boost the satisfaction level of the employees. Building and maintain the trust of its consumers has always been important. Buyers flying with the SIA will definitely have the best knowledge in the sky.

6. Recommendations

While undertaking the SWOT research, there several key problems are to be recommended to the operations. These recommendations can be utilized for the Singapore Airlines in keeping its major position as it continues to be one of the better airline companies. The SIA should decrease the value of its ticket to ensure that budget-tight customers will be able to find the money for to fly with them. They should continue to maintain steadily its current position to be the best airline. They shouldn’t visit where they are, but to keep enhancing their services and also to rise among all competitors. Staffs should also choose regular trainings to maintain with their services. Even more advertising can also be made to attract clients and also to keep loyal customers coming back for more.